Sūtra 1-33

Sūtra 1-33
मैत्रीकरुणामुदितोपेक्षाणां सुखदुःखपुण्यापुण्यविषयाणां
भावनातश्चित्तप्रसादनम्। (३३)
Maitrīkaruṇāmuditopekṣāṇām sukhaduḥkhapuṇyāpuṇyaviṣayāṇām bhāvanātaścittaprasādanam. (33)
Maitrī-karuṇā-mudita-upekṣāṇām sukha-duḥkha-puṇya-apuṇya-viṣayāṇām bhāvanātaḥ citta-prasādanam. (33)
(There is) clarity of mind due to cultivation of friendliness, compassion, happiness and indifference to the happy, sorrowful, good and bad (people) respectively.

Sūtra words
Maitrī-karuṇā-mudita-upekṣāṇām, sukha-duḥkha-puṇya-apuṇya-viṣayāṇām, bhāvanātaḥ and citta-prasādanam.

Word Formation
Maitrī-karuṇā-mudita-upekṣāṇām — SIxth case plural form of the dvandva compound Maitrī-karuṇā-mudita-upekṣā comprising the words maitrī, karuṇā, mudita, and upekṣā.
Maitrī — Abstract noun formed from the word mitra by the addition of a taddhita suffix ya and the feminine gender suffix ī, mitra itself is derived from the verb mid ‘to be affectionate, friendly’ and the suffix tra.
karuṇā — Feminine gender noun formed from the verb kṛ by adding the suffixes una and ā.
mudita — Formed from the verb mud by addition of the past participial suffix ta.
upekṣā — Feminine gender noun formed from the verb īkṣ with prefix upa and suffixes a and ā.

sukha-duḥkha-puṇya-apuṇya-viṣayāṇām — SIxth case plural form of the dvandva compound sukha-duḥkha-puṇya-apuṇya-viṣaya comprising the words sukha, duḥkha, puṇya, apuṇya, and viṣaya.
sukha — formed by adding the prefix su to kha
duḥkha — formed by adding the prefix dus to kha
puṇya — formed by adding the suffix ya to the verb
apuṇya — a negative compound of puṇya formed by adding the negative particle na as the first word of the compound  which changes to a
viṣaya — formed by adding the prefix vi to the verb si and suffix a

bhāvanātaḥ — An indeclinable formed by addition of the taddhita suffix tas to the word bhāvanā.
bhāvanā — verb bhū with causal suffix i and suffix ana.

citta-prasādanam — A sixth case tatpuruṣa compound resolved as cittasya prasādanam.
citta — suffix ta added to the verb cit.
prasādana — formed by adding the prefix pra to the verb sad and causal suffix i and suffix ana.

Meaning of words
Maitrī-karuṇā-mudita-upekṣāṇām — (One who has) friendship, compassion, happiness and indifference;
Maitrī — friendship, karuṇā — compassion, mudita –– compassion upekṣā — indifference

sukha-duḥkha-puṇya-apuṇya-viṣayāṇām — towards those who are happy, sorrowful, good and bad (respectively)
sukha — happy, duḥkha –  unhappy, puṇya — righteous (good) apuṇyaunrighteous (bad), viṣaya — person (respectively)

bhāvanātaḥ — because of this reflection (attitude)

citta-prasādanam — clarity of mind
citta — mind, prasādanam — clarity

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